Changing the face of Engineering Education in India

Being an engineer and getting the BE degree was a prestigious dream and a proud moment for every parent. We all heard that line “engineering nahi karega toh shaadi kaise hogi” but does the current scenario really reveal that?

India produces an astonishing 1.5 million engineers, (Bachelors degree holders in engineering every year). This is a tremendous number. But what happen to them!!!!!!!

They come from our top tier institutions such as the Indian Institute’s of Technology (IIT’s), from second tier institutions such as the National Institute of Technology, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), and the Birla Institute of Technology (BIT’s), as well as numerous tier three state government, central government and private institutions. The “tier classification” of these institutions is critically important to understand – of those 6 lakh BTech engineering graduates, maybe 15 to 20 percent are actually “employable” by engineering firms. What happens to the rest is unclear – many go on to do other types of work, some move on to “management studies” and many, unfortunately, remain un- or under- employed.

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Engineering colleges have been springing up like wild mushrooms in India in the last few years. Their number has gone up from a not too modest 1,511 colleges in 2006-07 to an astoundingly high 3,345 in 2014-15. The state of Andhra Pradesh alone has more than 700 colleges.

If these figures are anything to go by, it would be easy to be led into believing that opting for a degree in engineering would be a wise career move in India. The fact, however, remains that 20-33% out of the 1.5 million engineering graduates passing out every year run the risk of not getting a job at all, points out EconomicTimes. For those who do, the entry-level salary is pathetically low, and has stagnated at that level for the last eight-nine years, though the prices of everything from groceries to vehicle fuel have shot up during the same period.

Why is it so!!!!!!

1 . Demand and supply

India has achieved the production capacity of 1.5 million engineers every year with mammoth 4000 institutes..!!!

Over the last ten years, There is a almost  200 % increment in the intake and pass out of (so called) engineers. Right now, India is producing engineers more than US and China producing engineers together.

If we connect engineering pass outs, employments and GDP linearly. GDP of India has increased 105% over the last 10 year.

So demand is way behind than supply. Engineering boom was not in sync with economy.

Whenever there is more supply than demand, new equilibrium point gives a lower price and higher quantity. And, Yes that has happened with the engineering services too.

  1. Quality

In India, A normal Engineering student has chosen this field because everybody is doing so and his/her parents also feel the same. If your memorization skills are good, you may cram and score well. But that doesn’t mean that you have the skills the industry is looking for.

The quality of the engineering education India is, well, abysmal. Even many companies have stated that they face challenges while hiring fresh engineering graduates.

A report by Aspiring Minds, a research firm, has brought out the obvious fact that Chennai, home to Anna University, one of the largest universities in India with about 400 colleges affiliated to it, has an employability rate of an awful 1%. Even the the state with the highest employability percentage, Delhi, is only at 13%. Bangalore, the so called ‘silicon valley of India’ is at a staggering 3.2%.

National Association of Software and Services Companies’ (NASSCOM) survey of 2011 showcased that India’s $60 billion outsourcing industry is spending almost $1 billion a year training them to be fit for jobs.


What can be done!!!!!!!

Stop teaching only theory

Engineering requires a rich blend of application and theory, in the current scenario with only theory, we wont be able to create engineers who can analyze and solve day to day problems

Stop saying “you are not good if you are not an engineer”

Many people join engineering due to societal pressure, and the simple herd mentality. One needs to explore other fields of study that provide a vast range of career opportunities

More industry practice in Engineering College

The Gap of knowledge between Academia and Industry , is huge, which needs to be bridged with continuous interaction between industry and college faculty and thereby provide the skills to enable employability

They day has come where anybody can study engineering but only a handful can become accomplished engineers, but with changes in policy from government , management and society we hope to see a better future and make a world of difference.


Author: Amitava Modak, Product Executive for University Program at CoreEL